Infections - Cornea & Conjunctiva


  • What is conjunctivitis?
    • Commonly known as Pink Eye, conjunctivitis is an infection of {the} conjunctiva ({the} inside of {the} eyelid). It can be caused by bacteria, virus or allergies (see {the} Allergy section)
  • Signs and symptoms:
    • Red, irritated, watery eyes with a burning and scratchy feeling. May have pus or watery discharge.
  • Preventing {the} spread of {the} infection:
    • Pink Eye spreads very easily. Wash hands before and after using {the} medicine in your eye. Wash any clothes, towels, pillow cases touched by {the} infected eye. Avoid sharing cosmetics.
  • Treatment:
    • See your eye care specialist.
    • Usually an antibiotic will be selected by your eye care specialist

Corneal Foreign Body

Bacterial Keratitis (Corneal Ulcer)
  • What is bacterial Keratitis (Corneal ulcer)?
    • A corneal ulcer is an infection of {the} cornea by bacteria, viruses or fungi. Two of {the} common causes are: Abrasion of {the} cornea with foreign bodies and poor hygiene of contact lenses (especially if worn overnight).
  • Signs and symptoms
    • Eye pain, redness, itching and burning, white patch on {the} cornea, increased tearing, sensitivity to light (photophobia).
  • Preventing {the} spread of {the} infection
    • Early attention by an ophthalmologist or optometrist to any eye infection might possibly prevent {the} ulceration and further injury to {the} cornea. An untreated corneal ulcer can permanently damage {the} cornea. It might possibly also perforate {the} eye, resulting in a spread of infection, increasing {the} risk of permanent visual impairment.
  • Treatment
    • See your eye care specialist.
    • Usually an antibiotic will be selected by your eye care specialist


Chlamydial & Gonococcal Conjunctivitis




What is Chlamydial conjunctivitis?

    • An infection of {the} inner lid which typically affects sexually active teens and young adults. Chlamydia is considered one of {the} major sexually transmitted pathogens. Women seem to be more susceptible than men. This infection also affects infants whose mothers have untreated chlamydial conjunctivitis The incidence of infection seems to be directly related to sexual activity.
  • Sign and symptoms
    • Persistent eye infection (3 weeks or more) with common mucus discharge.
    • Systemically, signs and symptoms might possibly include a history of vaginitis, pelvic inflammatory disease or urethritis.
    • Ocular signs and symptoms include {the} chief complaint that an eye infection has persisted for over three weeks despite treatment with topical antibiotics. Mucus discharge is common.
  • What is Gonococcal conjunctivitis?
    • Also a sexually transmitted ocular disease. Even casual interaction with infected individuals has been reported as a cause. Newborn infants might possibly acquire {the} infection by passing through an infected birth canal. This is a very contagious ocular disease.
  • Signs and symptoms
    • Red eye with foreign body sensation. The eye might possibly be shut with substantial pus discharge. The incubation period is generally two to seven days.
  • Preventing {the} spread of {the} infection
    • The transmission to {the} eye can result from hand contact from a site of genital infection to {the} eye. Infected pregnant mothers can infect {the} newborn. Avoid sharing cosmetics.
  • Treatment
    • See your eye care specialist
    • Usually an antibiotic will be selected by your eye care specialist.
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